THE WAY OF THE PARTICIPATION SOLIDARITY
This way will be
realized in the Dubovy Log village
(Dobrush province. Gomel region, Belarus).
Dubovy Log is the
heart of the HUMUS PROJECT.
Dubovy Log is the result if a
research which lasted 2 years on 174 villages which based their economy on
agriculture in an area of high contamination (Gomel, Mogilev, Brest in Belarus)
for a total of 26 provinces, 131.081 inhabitants and agronomically of 200.044
pasture hectares and of 453.592 of cultivation hectares. The total has
progressively narrowed to 121 villages of the Gomel region and subsequently to
13 villages with the following features:
- radioactivity >15ci/kmq
- minimum n. of inhabitants between 200/250
- presence of a school
- presence of Kolchoz or Sovchoz.
All villages have been
visited during 2 following missions . For each of them a cognitive file has been
made in order to obtain the following information:
demographic data, present structures and services, data on the present levels of
radioactivity and contamination (private and public field), sanitary employment
and school, situation climate data, agronomic data (cultivation and pasture in
the public and private field, data on waters and lands), data on state
intervention, on nourishment risk and on forms of active co-operation.
Dubovy Log is an
area of compulsory escape with radioactivity levels >40 ci/kmq.
There are 281 inhabitants (67 of them between 0 and 14 years old) for a total of
121 families .There is a kid-garden, a school an obstetrics-nurses ambulatory,
the Kolchoz and the house of culture.
The first phase of this way
towards Dubovy Log (the socio-pedagogical intervention) foresees
actions on the social field of human relationship re-constructions and on the
creation of better conditions for a conscious management of the risk and for the
improvement of life quality. The acquisition of a radio-protection culture on
the “nourishment” risk will allow the population to minimize the radioactive
contamination effects (adequate nourishment behaviours and life styles - choice
of undergrowth products according to the radioactive accumulation capacity, milk
skimming procedure preparation and preservation of nourishments, behaviour
regulations for the use of game and fishes, utilization of wood and ash… -,
management of kitchen-gardens and cattle farms in the private field and so on…).
constitution of a local
co-ordination équipe with self-formative, formative and management aims.
for the village of constant instruments (informative sheet every 3 months and
radio-protection courses for
school and young people with didactic tools and equipment in order to help the
formation of a radio-ecological culture (audio-visual aids for schools and
geiger measurements for young people of the village).
survey on the contamination
reality (questionnaires for families, radio-metrical analyses of food
samples, realization of a territory contamination map of the village divided
according to the concentration and the type of present isotopes).
WBC (whole body counter)
spectro-metrical analyses on a group of volunteers of the village.
the starting of
local research groups (ash management group, pasture management group,
nourishment management group) and execution of radio-metrical and comparative
This phase is
indispensable and absolute for the HUMUS Project success:
without the involvement and the awareness of the contaminated
area inhabitants, every act (which wants to solve problems linked to the
contamination reality) will probably risk to fail or to produce benefits for few
people because of the lack of con-division only during the period of the project
The 2nd phase (the
agronomic intervention) functionally and chronologically dependent than
before will concern the Molciany experiment transposition at Dubovy Log through
the construction of a glasshouse of 2000 mq in which each family of the
village will be able to grow “clean” vegetables.
Experiments and surveys
will be also realized to intervene on the cultivations and to find out the ones
more reluctant to radionuclides and pasture analyses in order to furnish tools
for the families and for Kolchoz.
In this way
putting together life styles adequate to the contamination reality (capacity of
directing individual and collective behaviours towards everyday actions in a
family, school and working sphere which minimize the risk in a nourishment
field) with a practical tool in its “clean” cultivation production partiality,
the aims of creating the best possible life conditions will be reached in a
and the summery of the 2 ways can be deduced in the following scheme.
WAY OF THE SOLIDARITY
OF THE SOLIDARITY
DUBOVY LOG VILLAGE
1.st year: experiment
of the substratum
1.st year: starting of
the socio-pedagogical way for the risk management
2.nd year: local
reinforcement of the risk
management culture, evaluation
Molciany results, construction a
Glasshouse for the village
experiment of the
Aim: social risk
management on the
3.th year: “HUMUS” realization:
socio-pedagogical and agronomic
process in the Dubovy Log village
Exportation of the project in other
(2 years of monitoring)
The final foreseen aims and
results of the project are the following:
the sanitary field:
measurable and progressive percentage cut on the nourishment
radioactive risk in the people living in Dubovy Log.
reduction of health negative consequences especially diseases
caused by immune-depression; children, the subjects more exposed to the
mutations and to immune-stress, thanks to the rapid cellular growing will be
the first beneficiaries.
the economic field:
of the state sanitary expense referring to the secondary prevention of the
Chernobyl nuclear experiment in Dubovy Log.
the provincial and regional transformation expenses for the removal of
radioactive isotopes concerning the soilless cultivated species.
demolition of the costs linked
to the vegetable production analyses in question in the
Dobrush and Gomel
institutes and in the accumulation companies.
the supply-costs of “clean” food in the school and in the cafeteria of the
the social field:
the international and co-operative field:
- all the
data deriving from the combination and from the comparison of the agronomic
and socio-pedagogical way will be put into the net.
of transferring the global project to other contaminated villages with a great
extension to other near russian and ukrainian realities.
The HUMUS PROJECT
can be a flexible model , reviewed and adaptable to other interventions and to
other subjects which want to intervene in the areas contaminated by the nuclear
accident or an opportunity to develop new projects with the aim of creating the
best possible life conditions for the people who live in the contaminated
Considering, as far as Belarus is concerned (also Russia and the Ukraine)
villages and the inhabitants in the high radioactive risk areas,
it’s possible to build 200 glasshouses for a total of 60.000
beneficiaries with an investment of a maximum esteemed incidence about 100 $ USA
of the Chernobyl children welcoming politics.
The latin term Humus (soil) evoke the double aim of the project: ”HUMUS” is the
contaminated soil which we must intervene on with an agronomic plan to make the
restitution possible to those expropriated populations; ”HUMUS” is the social
field of the reconstruction of human relationships of the creation of
favourable conditions for the conscious risk management of the improvement of
of the HUMUS project are all the 600 Molciany and Dubovy Log inhabitants.
The project duration
is of about 3 years plus 2 of follow up.
The starting is foreseen in july
The Humus Project
has been approved by belarusian ministers of public education, agriculture and
sanity. An official text has been written about the co-operation of the
Chernobyl committee with the emergency situations department of belarusian
Republic. In Italy it has been recognized by the agriculture and the foreign
and a preliminary inquiry has been carried on by the state corps of foresters in
order to establish the congruence and the technical supporting (many
radio-metrical analyses have been done at Molciany and Dubovy Log to evaluate
the water quality - drinkable, from well and obtained resulted non-contaminated
in its chemistry/ physical and soil features) and the economic supporting of the
project in Belarus.
Sakharov Environmental University of Minsk, the Gomel radiological Institute
(NII RADIOLOGHI), the clinical Institute of medical and radiological research in
Gomel (NIKIRM), the vegetable production research Center (CRPV) in Cesena, the
experimental horticolture Institute in Montanaso Lombardo (LODI), the regional
environmental protection Agency (ARPA) in Piacenza, the sociology chair of
mass-communication of University in Siena are also collaborating scientifically
to the project.
The project even
if in need of public and private financing has always been supported by free
donations especially in the voluntary field.
The challenge of the Humus
Project needs everyone contribution.
If anyone wants to help the following current counters are
- C/C post 18046151 (Italy)
- C/C bank 10/100382 Istituto bancario San Paolo di
DIP 194 CAB 30261
expenses for the 3 years realization and for the other 2 of follow up are
estimated around 300.000 $ USA (realization of 2 glasshouses, expenses of
initial investment, training expenses, local materials and labour expenses,
In order not to scatter financial resources the project has been realized in
sheets (each sheet represents a pursuable and completed intervention).
The project foresees local management expenses for the glasshouses (not more
than 6.000 $ a year) and for new glasshouses constructions in other villages
(initial investment 20.000 $). To these costs we must subtract all the earnings
coming from the quantitative and qualitative return of the agriculture
productions and the adjunct value deriving from better life qualities.
The project will
have a statement of accounts available to everyone.
Any information on the project (the complete drafting and the enclosures)
can be asked to the
tel +39 0119716786 / +39 3389396289
fax +39 02700447516
We confirm the
availability for anyone to get all the scientific documents (data on the
villages and radio-metrical analyses), info and material regarding Chernobyl
reality and the availability of co-operating to support other projects taking
advantage not only of data bank but also of relationships created by the HUMUS
PROJECT with institutions both at a local and a peripherical level.
The aim of this letter is not only to confirm and obtain approvals about the
project but to start at an international level an exchange of ideas and if it’s
possible of common intervention synergies.
If the project thanks to you, will become a very big international intervention
any relationship between different associations, the intervention congruence,
the possibilities to intervene in a specific way, the enrichment of knowledge
and competences and more in general the attempt to finalize actions in the
contaminated territories whose beneficiaries are the children and the people who
live there will all get benefit from it. HUMUS will have more chances of
success it will be a project with equal dignity and ideas will recognize
themselves in it.
Waiting for other projects to come up, initiatives or contributions for useful
comparison (why don’t we create a map of interventions useful to all of us?) and
thanking you in advance for your efforts and for your future initiatives I wish
you all the best.
(Humus Project Co-ordinator)
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