THE WAY OF A REALITY IN AGREEMENT
This process will be realized in a crush in kolchoz “10th
anniversary for the OCTOBER REVOLUTION” in MOLCIANY (Recitsa province, Gomel
The crush found after 2 years of research it’s a grass and metal structures of
10.000 mq with an heater able to maintain a minimum internal temperature of more
than 15°C when outside there are –35°C. Inside of it cucumbers are cultivated
twice a year (harvest in June and Sept). 26 people work on it.
In the crush the main experiment of the HUMUS project will be led in order to
produce non-contaminated products in a contaminated area.
2000 crush mq will be used. The agronomic technique that is proposed is the so
called ”soilless ” technique.
consists of the possibility of producing plants without its traditional
component which is the soil.
have already in ancient times examples of cultivation without soil (there are
tracks in egyptian hieroglyphs before Christ examples in Babilonias gardens and
in Mexico (Atzechi).
This technique allows the development of plants without the utilization of the
soil, using more or less inert means as a substratum (sand, peat, vermiculite,
pumice – stone) in which a solution containing all the nutritional elements
necessary for the plants is added.
As far the Chernobyl accident contaminated areas are concerned, the “soilless ”
cultivation is now the only one which answers to the need of freeing cultivation
from the soil radioactive contamination and ecologically it’s justified by
environmental conditions which are not suitable for traditional cultivations.
The proposed methods are the “substratum cultivation” and the “floating system”.
For the substratum cultivations
a peat will be used (a non – contaminated peat of course) which is present in
all belarusian territories. The use of a substratum method is relatively easy
and economically sustainable at a local level. The HUMUS philosophy wants to use
local resources both human and technological in order to create new forms of
“economic colonialism” and not to allow, with illusion of rapid solutions or
through co-operation and strong contingency, the rising of conditions which
could not permit on adequate course and on autonomy of scientific
potentialities, human and cultural present in Belarus.The use of a peat in a
vase concerns the cultivation of cucumbers and tomatoes with he aim of
respecting nourishment habits (it is the cucumbers case) and giving impulses to
cultivations previously present but not yet adapted to the contamination reality
(it is the tomatoes case).
The floating system or the cultivation system in deep waters it’s instead
a cultivation technique in “ hydroponic ” relatively easy which allows to grow
plants on movable floating supports inside tanks built in a very simple way and
filled in with water and nutritional solution. Leaf species will be cultivated
(lettuce) which represent new element looked for the deficiency of present
nutritional contribution in a vegetable field in Belarus.
Before starting the real
experiments belarusian technicians and agronomists will be formed with specific
stages in italian institutes of research.
The aims and the results of the Molciany agronomic experiment are
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